The different parts of speech are classified according to what part of the sentence they appear in. There are eight different categories, with different particularities. These include adjectives, adverbs, nouns, verbs, prepositions, and conjunctions. All of these contribute to the meaning of a sentence.
The eight parts of speech are as follows
Nouns: Nouns are the most basic type of word in a sentence that names something or someone specific (e.g, head). They can also name a group of things or people that belong to a certain category. (e.g, cat.) Nouns can be singular or plural, as well as concrete or abstract. Possession is indicated by adding ‘s to nouns. Depending on the context, nouns can serve as subject, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposition.
Verbs: Verbs are the action words in a sentence (e.g, walk). They are used to do something, like ‘To be’ verbs that identify who or what something is (e.g. I am). Verbs also tell how someone or something feels. The verb must agree in number with its subject (both must be singular or both must be plural). Verbs also take different forms to express tense.
Adjectives: Adjectives are words added before nouns to describe them (e.g, green). They tell how someone or something feels, looks, tastes, and smells and sometimes they help with the verb ( eg, I want). Some adjectives are descriptive, such as little, blue, and sharp. Since adjectives can be used to identify or quantify specific individuals and objects, they are often placed before the noun or pronoun they modify. Some phrases combine several adjectives together.
Adverbs: Adverbs are words that appear in many locations in a sentence (e.g., quickly, quietly). They tell how someone or something feels, looks, tastes, and smells(e.g., happily) and sometimes they help with the verb( e.g, I want). An adverb describes a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or even a whole sentence. Some adverbs appear the same as their adjective counterparts in the form of -ly.
Preposition: Nouns are preceded by prepositions (e.g., on the table). They describe the place and, in certain cases, the timing of an event. (For example, on Tuesday) A preposition is a phrase that expresses how two things are related. When used with a noun, a preposition can indicate the location of an object or the way by which something is accomplished. Prepositions are easy to recognize since they generally come after the noun or pronoun they modify.
Pronouns: Pronouns are words used instead of nouns. In many cases, a pronoun replaces a specific noun, known as the antecedent. In a sentence, a pronoun is a term that can substitute a noun. An antecedent is a noun that is substituted by a pronoun. Pronouns, in general, enable us to simplify sentences and make them sound less repetitious.
Conjunction: A conjunction is a word that links words, phrases, and clauses together. Although there are many additional options, the most common conjunctions are and, but, although, etc. The three forms of conjunctions are coordinating, correlative, and subordinating.
Preposition: A preposition is a word that comes before a noun or pronoun to convey the function of the noun or pronoun. A preposition is a word that precedes a noun or pronoun and alters the meaning of another word in the phrase. As a result, every prepositional phrase has a preposition. The prepositional phrase is almost often used as an adjective or adverb.
When determining each word’s meaning, understanding the eight parts of speech is helpful. You can easily spot grammatical errors in a phrase by studying the 8 parts of speech and noticing whether there are run-on sentences, misplaced pronouns, or verb agreement problems.